The Portrayal of Women in Sophocles’s Antigone. Gender Performativity
This research paper is a feminist study in Sophocles’ play Antigone (441B.C.E). Our main objective is to shed light on the heroine’s role inside the Greek patriarchal society. The present study relies on showing Antigone’s deviation and rebellion against the king. To highlight the deeper meaning of Antigone’ act we used some theoretical concepts from Butler’s book of “Gender Trouble” focusing on ‘gender performativity’. Our research includes two chapters. The first one deals with the interpretation of gender inequality within women, which includes the major differences and conflicts that occur between Antigone and Ismene. The second one discusses Antigone’s defiance which basically focuses on showing the main character as a pure example of civil disobedience. As a major result this study affirms that there is a noticeable relation between Butler’s definition of performativity and Antigone’s reactions against the boundaries of the Greek patriarchal society. Her acts call for the instability of her gender. However, she serves to define and maintain her identity through the repetition of her acts.
- Département d'Anglais